Repeal of agricultural laws: politics triumphs over development
Given the speculation that circulated shortly after the former Chief Minister of the Punjab, Captain Amarinder Singh, left Congress, the repeal of the three farm laws may not be the case. surprising.
The laws, first passed as ordinances and then enacted by parliament, were supposed to be aimed at the welfare of farmers, but became contentious when political parties attempted to take advantage of certain disgruntled elements, especially arthiyas. (commission agents) in Punjab and Haryana.
But by carefully reading the two most important aspects of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the last word on farm laws has yet been said, although he and his government have temporarily retreated.
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“Everything I did for the farmers was for their well-being. What I’m doing (now repealing the laws) is for the country, ”Modi said, leaving many who supported the laws to wonder.
There were two main drawbacks to enacting agricultural laws that will ensure that farmers sell their produce anywhere to anyone across the country, enter into contract farming on their terms, and sell their produce regardless of the circumstances. stock limits.
One was his communication with the population, in general, and farmers, in particular. Even as the usual fear campaign regarding corporate takeovers, the end of the Minimum Support Price (MSP) mechanism, and a host of other things were done, the Modi government was in retreat. He never tried to counter these allegations.
The hypocrisy of the Congress party
For example, those who support farm laws have been left to point out the hypocrisy of a party like Congress, which spoke of those same laws in its manifesto for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections. If the BJP says he pointed it out, then they failed to convince.
Second, the bill was rushed through Parliament in September of last year. Granted, the opposition was not allowing both chambers to function peacefully, but that does not absolve the government of the blame for rushing through laws it sees as crucial for the country.
Read more: Why the new farm laws aren’t anti-farmer
This is where Modi’s second remark takes on its full meaning. He said probably, there was something short about his “tapasyaWhich has not fully reached the farmers.
“I never left anything out in my hard work. Today I assure you that I will work even harder to make your dreams, the dreams of the nation come true, ”he said. This means that he and his government will now try to convince people of the need to implement these laws.
He also said a committee would be formed with central and state officials, saying the farm law could take on a new avatar.
As such, agricultural laws have never been enforced. First, the Supreme Court entered the legislative domain to suspend laws. Second, the Center itself has proposed to suspend the application of the laws for a year and a half.
Power of mandis
Privately, those involved with governments in various roles spoke of how crucial and game-changing farm laws were with the economic reforms of 1991. A few who pointed out how the project managers of the marketing committee of agricultural products (APMC) were more powerful than the villagers pradhans.
This is one of the reasons why political parties such as Congress, Shiromani Akali Dal and the Nationalist Congress Party have opposed the laws because they derive their powers from these mandis, where the leaders are numerous.
What disappointed supporters of the laws, however, was that even when the economic reforms of 1991 were fiercely opposed, the then government led by the late PV Narasimha Rao did not give in to the pressure.
There is, however, a difference between yesterday and today. First, the reach of social media through which all rumors have been spread and rumors have been spread. Second, foreign elements got involved in these protests.
Politicians in Canada and the UK making statements against farm laws to please their own supporters have put pressure on India. There have been reports of funded farmer protests.
The problem with opposing the laws is that it has again sparked Khalistani elements. In addition, maneuvers were underway to overthrow the government of Haryana using opposition to the Farm Law.
Finally, the Kheri incident in Uttar Pradesh, which saw eight farmers run over by a vehicle allegedly by the son of a Union minister, also complicated matters. The Kheri incident highlighted fears that farmers’ protests could lead to clashes between castes.
Modi can be seen as someone who lets himself be intimidated by pressure from “violent” farmers. But politically, he may have nothing to lose. In particular, Congress must consider other issues to retain power in the Punjab, where the BJP has opened a channel for Capt Amarinder Singh to join hands and defeat Congress.
In short, despite the collapse, Modi has nothing to lose politically by repealing the laws. But for now, it seems politics trumps development.